Diagnosis of Tumors
Diagnosis of Tumors, If you’re experiencing cancer symptoms, or the results of a screening test indicate you may have cancer, further diagnostic testing is needed. Sometimes, other conditions mimic cancer, so it’s important to rule them out.
When we talk about tumors, we divide them into two groups.
- This tumor grows slowly and has a very slow growth rate.
- Its birth and spread are very limited.
- Its existence does not enter into any physical structure but exists separately.
- The benign tumors are wrapped inside a cover.
- This tumor remains in its place and does not change.
- A benign tumor has the same shape and structure as the tissue of that location.
- In benign tumors, the mitosis process is very slow.
- The nucleus of this type of tumor grows very rarely.
- This tumor sometimes stops growing after it has grown to a certain extent.
- This tumor stays where it is and does not spread to any other place.
- If this tumor is surgically removed, it is gone forever.
- Benign tumors are not a threat to human life.
A malignant or cancerous tumor:
- Malignant tumors are dangerous and can lead to death if left untreated or ignored.
- This tumor grows rapidly, its growth rate is very fast.
- These tumors reach the place where they arise and damage the surrounding body structures.
- These tumors are not enclosed within a membrane or capsule.
- These tumors can change location and spread far and wide.
- If they are surgically removed, they recur.
- The structure of these tumors varies according to their location.
- Myotonic activity in these tumors is excessive and unnatural.
- A malignant tumor has its roots in the body or being.
Laboratory tests to diagnose tumors:
For this type of test, a part of the tumor is scraped and the scraped part is sent to the laboratory for testing, thus the test can be done concerning the tumor in any place.
Obtaining material by needle:
This is a method in which material is obtained from the tumor through a syringe and tested. If the tumor is in the inner part of the body, ultrasound is used to obtain the material.
In this, the tumor removed after the operation is put in a jar and sent to the laboratory so that it can be fully diagnosed.