Vitamin K Test
Vitamin K Test, Vitamin K is an important fat-soluble vitamin. Vitamin K is also called clotting vitamin which helps in clotting the blood after an injury. Our body stores vitamin K in the bone, heart, liver, and Pancreas. The Vitamin K test is used to identify the rate of bleeding in a prothrombin time (PT). It also measures how long your blood takes to clot.
The function of vitamin K:
Types of vitamin K:
- Vitamin K 1
- Vitamin K 2
Vitamin K 1:
- Vitamin K1 is also called phylloquinone.
- Vitamin K 1 is mostly present in green leafy vegetables.
Vitamin K 2:
- Vitamin K2 is also called menaquinone.
- It is naturally produced by the bacteria in the large intestine.
Diet Rich Vitamin K:
- Green Apples
- Green Grapes
- Green beans
- Olive oil, Liver, and Cucumber
Vitamin K Deficiency Symptoms:
- Increased bleeding from wounds after injury
- Blood in Urine
- Blood in stool
- Gastrointestinal Bleeding
- Easy Bruising
- Bleeding from Nose and Gums
- Black stool
- Heavy Bleeding during periods
- Intracranial Bleeding in Infants
Normal Range Of Vitamin K:
The normal range of vitamin K is 0.2-3.2ng/ml
Causes Of High Vitamin K:
- Vitamin K intoxication (Very Rare)
- Due to the high dose of Vitamin K
- Taking High Vitamin levels in food
Causes of Low Vitamin K in Blood:
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Celiac Disease
- Liver Disorder
- Gall Bladder Disorder
- Partial Removal of Intestine
- Use of warfarin and Antibiotics
- Use a Diet low in vitamin K
How to perform the Test:
A blood sample is needed.
Collect 3 to 5 ml blood samples in EDTA Tube, Green Top, or Black Top Tube for the Vitamin K test and 3 to 5 ml blood in the Blue Top tube. Centrifuge the blood sample separate serum from plasma After centrifugation and use plasma or serum for the test. Then, use it for advanced machinery and find out the value of the Vitamin K test.
Treatment of Low Vitamin K Deficiency:
Phytonadione (oral or injectable).