Specific Gravity of Urine
Specific Gravity of Urine, If the urine has a lot of solutes if the wine is concentrated then the specific gravity will be of the urine is very dilute, which means it has a lot of water and hence urine is very dilute.
Specific gravity (SG) = Density of Urine (Density of water):
- Concentrated Urine: Specific gravity high:
- Dilute Urine: Very Dilute:
What is the role of Specific gravity in Urine analysis:
Specific gravity function of tubular:
|Water Dilution||Water Lose|
|As the patient voids all|
|SG. It should be around 1.003|
|Give him 1200ml of water||Do not give him water from 8 pm to 10 AM|
|See how much urine is produced in 2 hrs||If high- the kidney can concentrate Urine|
|Check the Specific gravity of the urine||Collect the urine and check Sp Gr.|
|SG. Should be around 1.003||SP.Gr should be around 1.025|
|Dilute urine||Pale Yellow|
When the solute concentration is high the level of the solution Increase and the urinometer is pushed upward due to high SG. if the solute Concentration is low variometer sinks into the urine due to low SG Urinometer is calibrated at IS’C.
- (adding 0.001 for every 3°c rise above 15°C)
- (Substracting 0.001 for every 3 degrees below 15°C)
Note the reading:
Room Temperature: 15°C Value +3= value x 0.001= Value + Urinometer reading.
Urine meter reading: 1.010
- Room temp – 21°C.
- 21-15= 6
- 6/3= 2
- 2 X 0.001= 0.002
- 0.002+1.010= 1.021
- In case the temperature is higher then add
- In case the temperature is lower Substrate
|Isosthenuria||1.008 – 1.012|
|Hyperthermia||1.003 (Decreased Specific gravity)|
Dilute in Urine
Diabetes insipidus chronic renal failure.
|Hyperthenuria||1.030 (increased urine Specific gravity)|
Fever Diabetes millitus
Total Solids: last two digits of specific gravity X 2.66 Long’s coefficient Gm/L.
Abnormal Constituents of Urine:
|Abnormal Constituents||Normal Constituents of Urine|