Typhoid Fever is a life-threatening bacterial disease of left untreated that may cause death. It is a bacterial infection that can spread throughout the body, that may affect many organs of the body.
Causes Of Typhoid Disease:
It is caused by a bacterium called Salmonella typhi (salmonella typhi is a rod Shape bacteria. It is also called Gram-negative bacteria. The bacteria that is excreted in human stool contaminate food and water sources.
Transmission Of Salmonella Typhi:
It can be transmitted by the following:
- Contaminated water.
- Contaminated foods.
Problems OF Typhoid Disease:
Problems of typhoid disease can cause different problems or complications.
- Holes in intestine
- Bleeding in intestine
Symptoms Of Typhoid Disease:
- Loss of Appetite
- Muscle Aches
- Fever and fatigue
- Dry Cough
- Weight Loss
Diagnosis of Typhoid Disease:
It can be diagnosed by using many tests:
- Stool culture
- Urine culture
- Blood culture
- ICT Screening Method (Typhidot IgM-IgG)
- ELISA from blood (Typhidot IgM-IgG)
- Widal Test
- Bone Marrow Test (special and expensive test)
Prevention of Typhoid Test:
The main Prevention of Typhoid Tests is:
- Vaccine is available
- Use boiled water
- Use fresh and wash fruits and vegetables Properly
- Only eat food that is still hot
Treatment of Typhoid Fever:
The most commonly used antibiotic is:
- Ceftriaxone and ofloxacin
- Antibiotics can be advised after culture and Sensitivity also.
Collect a 5ml blood sample into the Red Top tube or may be collecting the blood sample in the dropper by Pricking the Patient’s finger. Now Preface the test cart by following the displayed. Add one drop of serum plasma or whole blood and one drop of buffer to the typhoid device. Now wait five minutes and see the result. If only the control line is visible, the result will be negative, and if either the test line IgG or IgM is visible, the result will be positive.