Blue Simple Medical Clinic Presentation 19Blue Simple Medical Clinic Presentation 19


MCQs & FAQs, 50 questions and answers cover key aspects of Typhoid and Meningitis, focusing on symptoms, causes, treatments, and prevention methods. These questions and answers provide a comprehensive overview of Typhoid and Meningitis, including their causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.


  1. What is the causative agent of typhoid fever?
    • A) Escherichia coli
    • B) Salmonella Typhi
    • C) Staphylococcus aureus
    • D) Vibrio cholerae
    • Answer: B) Salmonella Typhi
  2. How is typhoid fever primarily transmitted?
    • A) Airborne transmission
    • B) Vector-borne transmission
    • C) Contaminated food and water
    • D) Direct contact with an infected person
    • Answer: C) Contaminated food and water
  3. What is a common symptom of typhoid fever?
    • A) Cough
    • B) High fever
    • C) Rash on hands
    • D) Joint pain
    • Answer: B) High fever
  4. Which test is commonly used to diagnose typhoid fever?
    • A) Blood culture
    • B) Chest X-ray
    • C) Skin biopsy
    • D) MRI scan
    • Answer: A) Blood culture
  5. Which of the following is a preventive measure against typhoid fever?
    • A) Wearing masks
    • B) Vaccination
    • C) Using insect repellent
    • D) Regular exercise
    • Answer: B) Vaccination
  6. Which antibiotic is commonly used to treat typhoid fever?
    • A) Amoxicillin
    • B) Ciprofloxacin
    • C) Erythromycin
    • D) Tetracycline
    • Answer: B) Ciprofloxacin
  7. Which organ is primarily affected by typhoid fever?
    • A) Lungs
    • B) Liver
    • C) Intestines
    • D) Brain
    • Answer: C) Intestines
  8. How long is the typical incubation period for typhoid fever?
    • A) 1-3 days
    • B) 3-6 days
    • C) 6-30 days
    • D) 30-60 days
    • Answer: C) 6-30 days
  9. Which of the following is a serious complication of untreated typhoid fever?
    • A) Pneumonia
    • B) Intestinal perforation
    • C) Meningitis
    • D) Osteoporosis
    • Answer: B) Intestinal perforation
  10. What type of vaccine is commonly used for typhoid prevention?
    • A) Live attenuated vaccine
    • B) Inactivated vaccine
    • C) Subunit vaccine
    • D) Toxoid vaccine
    • Answer: A) Live attenuated vaccine


  1. What is meningitis?
    • A) Inflammation of the liver
    • B) Inflammation of the lungs
    • C) Inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
    • D) Inflammation of the intestines
    • Answer: C) Inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
  2. Which of the following can cause meningitis?
    • A) Bacteria
    • B) Viruses
    • C) Fungi
    • D) All of the above
    • Answer: D) All of the above
  3. What is a common symptom of meningitis?
    • A) High blood pressure
    • B) Stiff neck
    • C) Skin rash
    • D) Abdominal pain
    • Answer: B) Stiff neck
  4. Which bacterium is a common cause of bacterial meningitis in adults?
    • A) Haemophilus influenzae
    • B) Neisseria meningitidis
    • C) Streptococcus pneumoniae
    • D) Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    • Answer: C) Streptococcus pneumoniae
  5. Which diagnostic procedure is used to confirm meningitis?
    • A) Blood test
    • B) MRI
    • C) Lumbar puncture
    • D) X-ray
    • Answer: C) Lumbar puncture
  6. What is the primary method of preventing bacterial meningitis?
    • A) Hand washing
    • B) Wearing masks
    • C) Vaccination
    • D) Quarantine
    • Answer: C) Vaccination
  7. Which type of meningitis is generally more severe and requires prompt antibiotic treatment?
    • A) Viral meningitis
    • B) Bacterial meningitis
    • C) Fungal meningitis
    • D) Parasitic meningitis
    • Answer: B) Bacterial meningitis
  8. What is a common long-term complication of meningitis?
    • A) Diabetes
    • B) Hearing loss
    • C) Hypertension
    • D) Asthma
    • Answer: B) Hearing loss
  9. Which population is at higher risk for meningitis?
    • A) Infants and young children
    • B) Adolescents
    • C) Elderly
    • D) All of the above
    • Answer: D) All of the above
  10. What is a characteristic rash associated with meningococcal meningitis?
    • A) Red, itchy rash
    • B) Petechial rash (small, red or purple spots)
    • C) Scaly rash
    • D) Blistering rash
    • Answer: B) Petechial rash

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