Platelets Count (PLT)
Platelets Count are parts of the blood that help the blood clot. Platelet Count is a test to measure how many platelets you have in your blood. They are smaller than red or white blood cells Platelets are colorless blood cells in the body. Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and forming in blood vessels injuries. There is tens of thousand platelets in a single drop of blood. A platelets count is a part of Complete blood Count (CBC).
How the test performed
A Blood sample needed.
How to prepare the test
You do not need to take special steps before the test.
Why Test Performed
Platelets in your blood can be affected by many diseases. Platelets may be counted to monitor or diagnose diseases, or to look for the cause of too much bleeding or clotting.
A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 4,00,000 platelets per microliter of blood.
Having more than 4,00,000 platelets is a condition called thrombocytosis; having less than 150,000 is known as thrombocytopenia. You get your platelet number from a routine blood test called a complete blood count (CBC)
A normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 to 4,00,000 Platelets per microliter (mcL) 150 to 400
Normal value ranges may vary slightly. Some labs use different measurements or may test different specimens. Talk to your doctor about your test results.
Abnormal Results Means
Low platelet count is below 150,000 (150 × 109/L). If your platelet count is below 50,000 (50 × 109/L), your risk for bleeding is higher. Even every day activities can cause bleeding.
A lower platelets count is called thrombocytopenia.
- Bone marrow being platelets not enough
- Platelets are destroyed in liver and spleen
- Platelets are destroyed in bloodstream
Three more common cause of this problem are.
- Drugs and medicines
- Cancer treatment, chemotherapy and radiations
- Autoimmune disorder,
High platelets Count Plt is more than 4,00,000 called thrombocytosis causes may included
- iron Deficiency
- Certain medicines
- Bone marrow dieses
- After certain medicines
- Bleeding of your gums and nose
- Blood in urine and stool
- Enlarged spleen
- Prolonged bleeding from cuts
Dangerous internal bleeding can occur when your platelet count falls below 10,000 platelets per microliter. Though rare, severe thrombocytopenia can cause bleeding into the brain, which can be fatal.