T.B Disease (Tuberculosis)
T.B Disease (Tuberculosis) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacterium usually attacks the lungs. But bacteria can attack any part of the body, such as the kidney, spine, and brain. TB is a contagious infection. In the 20th century, TB was a leading cause f death in the united states. Today most cases are cured with antibiotics. But it takes a long time you have to take medications for at least 6 to 9 months.
Types Of TB (Tuberculosis):
A TB infection doesn’t always mean you’ll get sick. There are two forms of the disease.!
Active TB (Tuberculosis):
The germs multiply and make you sick. You can spread the disease to others 90% of active cases in adults come from latent TB infections. Latent by TB active infection Can also be drug-resistant, certain medications don’t work against the bacteria.
Latent TB (Tuberculosis):
You have the germs in your body, Immune system keeps them from spreading. you don’t have any symptoms and are not contagious. But the infection is still alive one day it becomes active then. Your immune system is weakened by a high-risk factor activation.
Miliary TB (Tuberculosis):
It is a rare form of active disease that occurs when TB bacteria find their way into the bloodstream.
Causes of TB Disease:
- HIV infection
- Substance abuse
- Being in jail or prison (close contact can spread infection)
- Kidney disease and diabetes
- Organ transplant
- Contact with people
Tuberculosis Signs and Symptoms:
Latent TB doesn’t have symptoms. A skin or blood test can tell if you have signs of TB disease include.
- Cough that lasts more than 3 weeks
- Chest pain
- Coughing up blood
- Feeling tired all time
- Night sweats
- Loss of appetite
- Weight Loss
When Someone who has TB coughs, Sneezes, talks, laughs, or signs, they please tiny droplets that contain. The germs if you breathe in these germs. You Can get it by shaking hands. By showing their food or drink.
Tuberculosis (TB) Tests and Diagnosis:
There are two common tests for tuberculosis.
- Skin test
- Blood test
- A chest X-ray or CT scan is to look for changes in your lungs. Acid-fast bacillus (AFB) tests for TB bacteria in your Sputum, the mucus that comes up when you cough.
Treatment of Tuberculosis (TB):
Your treatment will depend on your infection.
Your medication is to kill the bacteria so the infection become doesn’t active you might get isoniazid, rifapentine, or rifampin, either alone or combined you will take lungs for up to 9 months.
The most common are ethambutol, isoniazid, Pyrazinamide and rifampin. you will take them for 6 to 12 months. if you have drug-resistance TB, your doctor might give you one or different medicines you may have to take them for up to 30 months.