Rubella is a blood test and also called germen measles, is a viral Infection that can easily be passed person to person, through sneezing or Coughing. Rubella Blood test is a part of torch profile test. Rubella infection is caused by rubella virus.
Other names of Rubella:
- Rubella also called German Measles.
- Rubella also called 3 days Measles.
How The Test Performed:
Transmission of Rubella:
- Rubella spread through air born droplets when infected person Sneeze or cough.
- Rubella also spread sharing food or drink with infected person.
- Direct contact with throat or nasal secretions of infected persons.
Symptoms Of Rubella in Adults:
Symptoms of mostly mild in adult.
- Red rash on skin
- Rummy Nose
- Swollen Lymph Nodes
- Red Eyes
- Sore Throat
- Arthritis in knees, wrists and fingeres
Congenital Rubella syndrome:
If a pregnant women becomes infected with rubella virus. Than it may be cause by rubella symptoms.
- Premature birth of baby
- Or even death of baby
- Mental Retardation
- Growth Retardation
- Diabetes Mellitus
Diagnostic Importance of Rubella Test:
- To screen women who’s planning to have a baby.
- To screen pregnant women.
- It is to helpful in the detection of Recent or past infection.
- Blood IgM and IgG antibodies test by Elisa.
Take a Coagulant or gel test tube. Collect the blood 3 to 5 ml in the test tube. Draw the numbering on the test tube. Centrifuge the sample and collect the serum for test. After centrifugation Sample gives for Elisa test on Elisa machine. Visit Elisa post to see how to do the Elisa test performed.
Normal Range of Rubella Antibodies:
Rubella IgM Less than 0.910 IU/ml
Rubella IgG Less than 7 IU/ml
Rubella Test Result:
Semi quantitative Rubella kit also different from other kit of Torch Profile.
|G 1||G 2|
|Load||15 IU/ml||250 IU/ml|
G1 and G2 lines in Rubella kit differentiate Active infection and protective immunity.
According to CDC or WHO, IgG level > 15 IU/ml indicates protective immunity past infection. While 250 IU/mL indicate Active infection.