Cholesterol is a fatty substance found in your blood, Your body needs cholesterol Which is essential to build healthy cells. But the high levels of cholesterol increase the risk of heart disease and heart attacks. Cholesterol comes from two sources. The liver makes the cholesterol, and secondly, cholesterol from your body comes from the food of animals. As, Meet, Milk, and poultry all contain dietary cholesterol. Your cholesterol shows how much cholesterol is in your blood.
Is This Test have another Name
Serum Cholesterol, also called,
How The Test Performed
A Blood sample is needed.
Why The Test Performed
If you have too much cholesterol in your blood, it can combine with other substances in the blood to form plaque. Plaque sticks to the walls of your arteries. This buildup of plaque is known as atherosclerosis. It can lead to coronary artery disease, where your coronary arteries become narrow or even blocked.
Why Need This Test
Cholesterol cause a dangerous aggregation of cholesterol and other deposition on the walls of your arteries. These deposits can reduce blood flow of your body through arteries, which can cause complications, such as:
Chest pain: If the arteries that supply your heart with blood (coronary arteries) are affected, you might have chest pain (angina) and other symptoms of coronary artery disease.
Heart attack: If plaques tear or rupture, a blood clot can form at the plaque-rupture site blocking the flow of blood or breaking free and plugging an artery downstream. If blood flow to part of your heart stops, you’ll have a heart attack.
Stroke: Similar to a heart attack, a stroke occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow to part of your brain.
What Do The Result Means
Normal Cholesterol Level is Less than 200 mg/dL.
Borderline high: 200 to 239 mg/dL.
High: At or above 240 mg/dL
The most common cause of high cholesterol is an unhealthy lifestyle. This can include:
- Unhealthy eating habits, such as eating lots of bad fats. One type, saturated fat, is found in some meats, dairy products, chocolate, baked goods, and deep-fried and processed foods. Another type, trans fat, is in some fried and processed foods. Eating these fats can raise your LDL (bad) cholesterol.
- Lack of physical activity, with lots of sitting and little exercise. This lowers your HDL (good) cholesterol.
- Smoking, lowers HDL cholesterol, especially in women. It also raises your LDL cholesterol.
Genetics may also cause people to have high cholesterol. For example, familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited form of high cholesterol. Other medical conditions and certain medicines may also cause high cholesterol.