Alanine Aminotransferase ALT or SGPT is a blood test for check liver damage. ALT test measure the amount of ALT,SGPT in the blood. Your live is very important

Alanine Aminotransferase ALT or SGPT

Alanine Aminotransferase ALT or SGPT is a blood test for check liver damage. ALT test measure the amount of ALT,SGPT in the blood. Your live is very important thing for your good health. It is a protein made by liver, when liver cells are damage, then liver release ALT in bloodstream and the level of ALT is the blood is elevated. High level of this enzymes that sign the liver is injured or irritated.

Alanine Aminotransferase ALT

Is this test have other name

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase (SGPT)

How the test performed

A blood sample needed

Why the test performed

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) is blood test for check your liver health. The test may also helps the diagnose the problems. Normally ALT level in the blood is low, if your liver irritated or damage it will release more ALT your blood and than ALT level will rise.

Why Doctor order this test

Doctor recommend ALT if you have symptoms of liver disease or damage

  1. Vomiting
  2. Weakness
  3. Yellow eyes or skin
  4. Dark colour urine
  5. Nausea
  6. Jaundice
  7. Light colour poop
  8. Fatigue
  9. Hepatitis
  10. Alcoholic
  11. Family history of liver dieses
Alanine Aminotransferase ALT

What are the risks

ALT blood test is safe. Risks are usually minor, and can include:

Bleeding
Bruising
Infection
Slight pain when the needle is inserted
Fainting or feeling dizzy

What do the result means

Normal ALT test can range from, 10 – 45 unit per litter (U/L)

Some labs use different measurements or may test different samples

High ALT levels may be caused by,

Alcohol abuse
Cirrhosis (long-term damage and scarring of the liver)
Mononucleosis
Drugs such as statins, aspirin, and some sleep aids

Moderately high ALT levels may be because of,

Hepatitis
Chronic liver disease
Alcohol abuse
Cirrhosis
Blockage of the bile ducts
Heart attack or heart failure
Kidney damage
Muscle injury
Damage to red blood cells
Heat stroke
Too much vitamin A

Very high ALT levels can be caused by,

Acute viral hepatitis
An overdose of drugs
Liver cancer
Sepsis

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