Cryptosporidiosis Disease, The first case of human cryptosporidiosis was reported In 1976. The Protista responsible was identified as Cryptosporidium parvum and classified as an emerging pathogen by the CDC. It is an infection that caused severe diarrheal disease in about 400,000 individuals, the largest recognized outbreak of waterborne illness in U.S history. C. Parvum is a common Protist found in the intestine of many birds and mammals. Most people get the Parasite after swallowing water tainted with Stool.
Principle of cryptosparidiosis:
Cryptosporidium is obligate, intracellular coccidian. Protozoa that replicate in small-bowel epithelial cells of a vertebrate host, oocysts are ingested after cryptosporidium, they exist in the gastrointestinal tract and release sporozoites.
Symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis:
The most common symptoms of cryptosporidiosis:
- Watery Diarrhea
- Weight loss
- Pain in stomach
- Nausea, vomiting
- Abdominal Pain
The incubation period for Cryptosporidiosis ranges from 5 to 28 days.
Diagnosis of Cryptosporidiosis:
The Pathogen is routinely diagnosed by:
Treatment of Cryptosporidiosis:
- Used Anti-diarrheal medicine
- Nitazoxanide along with dehydration
- Although the disease usually is self-limiting in healthy individuals, Patients with late-stage AIDS who are immune comprised in other ways may develop Prolonged severe and life-threatening diarrhea.