Laboratory InstrumentsLaboratory Instruments

Laboratory Instruments

Laboratory Instruments laboratory consumables are the items or items by which all laboratory tests are performed without which the laboratory is incomplete or non-existent. Here we will briefly mention the lab equipment and give a brief description of them.


A device that magnifies very small particles or germs that cannot be seen directly with the naked eye, Such a device is called a microscope. It is urgently needed in various medical examinations.

Centrifugal Machine:

A machine in which a liquid is poured into a test tube and placed inside. When operated by electricity, the heavy particles in the liquid are separated and collected in the pan below the test tube. Usually, blood, urine, water or any chemical etc. is put in each test tube.


They are long is straight made of glass or plastic. They are generally of two types, a normal stomach which is drawn up by the mouth or sucker for liquid objects. The second is automatic. Any liquid is measured with these pipettes. These are used in most biochemistry tests. These can be of three types: glass or plastic bottles, auto-make fixed bottles and variable bottles usually can brew from 5ml to 10 liters.

Test Tube:

They are used to test any substance or chemical in liquid state. They are made of glass or plastic of various textures. It can be 2 – 4 – 6 – 10 – 20 ml. It is closed on one side and the mouth is open on the other side.

Test Tube Rack:

To keep the test tubes vertical. Stainless steel is made of plastic or glass.

Jar and Flask:

For pouring and measuring large quantities of liquids.


The lab is used to measure temperatures ranging from 0C to 100C. Its texture is made of glass.


It is powered by electricity and the temperature inside it can be adjusted to a fixed amount.

Water Bath:

Used to heat test tubes to a specific temperature. A thermometer was installed in it to measure the temperature. But today there are digital water baths.

Hot Air Oven:

This is done to dry things and sterilize them.

The rest of the instruments are listed below:

  • Beaker made of glass or plastic 1000ml, 250ml, 100ml, 50ml
  • Cylinder plastic or glass 500ml, 250ml, 50ml
  • Flask Glass 1000ml, 500ml, 250ml
  • Funnel Plastic 140-150mm, 90-100mm, 60-70mm, 35-40mm
  • Plastic jug one liter
  • Water storage bottle 5 liters
  • Microscope slide 76×26 mm
  • Cover glass 20x 20 mm
  • Counting Chamber
  • Petri dish
  • Different sizes and types of pipette

Obtaining a patient sample or specimen requires the following:

  • Urine plastic box with lid
  • Plastic container with lid for stool
  • Plastic container with lid for sputum
  • Disposable syringes for blood 10cc, 5cc, 2cc
  • The blood-clotting chemical EDTA
  • ESR tube or conduit
  • Blood pressure monitoring machine
  • Tourniquet

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